MLG for Europe
Governance is one of the main keys to the success of the process of European integration.
Europe will be strong, its institutions legitimate, its policies effective, and its citizens feeling involved and engaged if its mode of governance guarantees cooperation between the different tiers of government, in order to meet the European Union's political agenda and face the global challenges.
"The Committee of the regions sees the principle of multilevel governance as based on coordinated action by the EU, the Member States and regional and local authorities according to the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality and in partnership, taking the form of operational and institutionalised cooperation in the drawing-up and implementation of the European Union's policies" (CdR 273/2011 fin)
MLG for... better lawmaking
Better, smarter EU regulation will help to improve the efficiency of policies and economic performance, foster creativity and innovation, contribute to growth, the creation of jobs and overall prosperity.
Local and regional authorities have a stake in both the design and application of EU law: to a large degree, they are responsible for its implementation and application. The Treaty obliges the EU institutions to take into account the local and regional dimension of new initiatives, notably the financial and administrative burden of new EU laws.
MLG for... growth in partnership
Europe 2020 is the European Unionâ€™s ten-year growth and jobs strategy that was launched in 2010.
It is about overcoming the crisis from which our economies are now gradually recovering, but also about addressing the shortcomings of the European growth model and creating the conditions for a smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.
The strategy has five headline targets and it is supported by seven "flagship initiatives." They provide a coherent framework for policies and actions in the areas of innovation, digital economy, employment, youth, industrial policy, poverty and resource efficiency.
Because it targets many areas of shared competences between local and regional authorities, member states and the European level, the development of a clear vision of economic outlooks of European cities and regions and their successful integration into the Europe 2020 strategy would be a crucial MLG objective for all European stakeholders.
MLG for... territorial, economic and social cohesion
For more than 20 years, cohesion policy has consistently proven its added value and has become for citizens the example of European solidarity. Cohesion policy is the perfect example of multi-level governance. In the Treaty of Lisbon, cohesion policy is a responsibility shared between the European Union and Member States including Local and Regional authorities.
European cohesion policy represents one-third of the EU budget and has a real financial leverage and institutional partnership effect. It is the main tool to support the growth and competitiveness objective and to implement the goals of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth of the Europe 2020 Strategy. The European Structural and Investment Funds also reinforce the institutional abilities of all levels of government.
MLG for... European Neighbourhood Policy and Decentralised Cooperation
Local and regional authorities (LRA's) have gradually become key players in the strategy of the enlargement of the European Union and in its foreign policy.
The added value of the participation of LRA's in the enlargement process, and their contribution to the creation of a sustainable democratic local and regional dynamics in the new member states, is widely recognised, and good examples of relevance of multilevel governance also exist in the regional approach to the European Neighbourhood Policy, in both its Mediterranean dimension and in the Eastern Partnership.