MLG Charter



Multilevel governance in Europe



Given that many competences and responsibilities are shared between the various levels of governance in the European Union, we recognise the need TO WORK TOGETHER IN PARTNERSHIP to achieve greater economic, social and territorial cohesion in Europe. No single level can deal with the challenges we face alone. We can solve citizens' problems on the ground by COOPERATING better and running JOINT PROJECTS to tackle the common challenges ahead of us.
We stand for a multilevel-governance Europe "based on coordinated action by the European Union, the Member States and regional and local authorities according to the principles of subsidiarity, proportionality and partnership, taking the form of operational and institutional cooperation in the drawing up and implementation of the European Union’s policies". In this endeavour, we fully respect the equal legitimacy and accountability of each level within their respective competences and the principle of loyal cooperation.
Aware of our INTERDEPENDENCE and ever seeking greater EFFICIENCY, we believe that great opportunities exist to further strengthen innovative and efficient political and administrative cooperation between our authorities based on their respective competences and responsibilities. The objective of this Charter, drawn up by the Committee of the Regions of the European Union, is to connect regions and cities across Europe, whilst promoting MULTI-ACTORSHIP with societal actors such as the social partners, universities, NGOs and representative civil society groupings.
In line with the SUBSIDIARITY principle which places decisions at the most effective level and as close as possible to the citizens, we attach great importance to co-creating policy solutions that reflect the needs of citizens.
It is precisely through our commitment to the fundamental VALUES, PRINCIPLES and PROCESSES underpinning multilevel governance that we believe new modes of DIALOGUE and partnership will emerge across public authorities in the European Union and beyond. Multilevel governance strengthens openness, participation, COORDINATION and JOINT COMMITMENT to delivering targeted solutions. It allows us to harness Europe's diversity as a driver for capitalising on the assets of our local areas. Making full use of digital solutions, we are committed to increasing TRANSPARENCY and offering quality public services easily accessible to the citizens we represent.
MULTILEVEL GOVERNANCE helps us to learn from each other, experiment with innovative policy solutions, SHARE BEST PRACTICES and further develop PARTICIPATORY DEMOCRACY, bringing the European Union closer to the citizens. We believe that embracing multilevel governance contributes to deeper EU integration by further strengthening the ties between our territories, and overcoming the administrative hurdles in regulation and policy implementation and the geographical frontiers that separate us.



We commit ourselves to respecting the fundamental processes that shape multilevel governance practices in Europe by:
  • developing a TRANSPARENT, OPEN and INCLUSIVE policy-making process; 
  • promoting PARTICIPATION and PARTNERSHIP involving relevant public and private stakeholders throughout the policy-making process, including through appropriate digital tools, whilst respecting the rights of all institutional partners;
  • fostering POLICY EFFICIENCY, POLICY COHERENCE and promoting BUDGET SYNERGIES between all levels of governance;
  • respecting SUBSIDIARITY and PROPORTIONALITY in policy making; 
  • ensuring maximum FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS PROTECTION at all levels of governance.


We commit ourselves to making multilevel governance a reality in day-to-day policy-making and delivery, including through innovative and digital solutions. To this end, we should:
  • PROMOTE CITIZEN PARTICIPATION in the policy cycle;
  • COOPERATE closely with other public authorities by thinking beyond traditional administrative borders, procedures and hurdles; 
  • FOSTER A EUROPEAN MIND-SET within our political bodies and administrations; 
  • STRENGTHEN INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY BUILDING and invest in policy learning amongst all levels of governance; 
  • CREATE NETWORKS between our political bodies and administrations from the local to the European levels and vice-versa, whilst strengthening transnational cooperation.